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In the months that followed, as Nanine learned about caring for her son, she also learned about Developmental Care in the NICU. A holistic approach to care, Developmental Care addresses the physiological and developmental needs of newborns. Staff focus on creating a neuroprotective, healing environment, that emphasizes partnering with families to support positioning and handling, safeguard sleep, minimize stress and pain, protect skin, and optimize nutrition.
One aspect of this neuroprotective environment that Nanine noticed immediately was the minimization of light and sound. “The environment of the NICU was very dark, quiet, and personal, except for the beeping of the monitors. In my son’s pod they had the shades completely drawn and kept it very dark,” she says. “It was clinical but very peaceful. Even though it was an open floor, it was very intimate.”
The value of touch
Nanine says skin-to-skin contact, or kangaroo care, was one valuable strategy that she learned from NICU staff. “They explained how to touch him without rubbing his delicate skin,” she explains. “We kangarooed as quickly as possible and Teddy immediately reacted to being on my chest. He put his hand up on my chin. He wanted to be there. It’s where his home was.”
Learning continues after discharge
When Teddy was discharged after 13 weeks in the NICU, Nanine continued to learn about Developmental Care. “I learned that the lighting, the way he was positioned, soft touch, the kangarooing, and swaddling all helped him have more of a connection to us and a softer entrance to the world,” she says.
A positive approach to a harrowing experience
Today, Teddy is a healthy little boy. Lingering effects from prematurity include Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), as well as sensory processing issues.
While he reacts strongly to loud sounds and some types of music, he also can play music by ear. He loves science, astronomy, reading, swimming, gymnastics, building with Legos, drawing, dancing, and Minecraft.
Nanine continues to be a believer in the benefits of Developmental Care. “There is a balance to be had in treating the whole child as opposed to treating the symptoms,” she notes. “Developmental Care really helped me get over the anxieties of having a baby in the NICU. It was a positive approach to a very harrowing experience."
Connecting with tiny patients: Implementing developmental care
In addition to meeting the physical needs of infants in the NICU, it is also critical to meet their physiological and developmental needs. Our Integrative Developmental Care Model combines evidence-based best practices with core measures, and is one tool you can use to guide efforts to facilitate the physiological and developmental needs of each newborn. Go now
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